Make a career leap, polish up the rusty school language skills, shine with intercultural skills or simply a change of scenery: Anyone who moves abroad for a job or a project dares a special challenge. The stay is often an enriching time. But at the beginning the saying about other countries and other customs is still correct. The most important questions and answers on the topic:
For whom is a stay abroad an option?
Working abroad can be valuable for professionals in a variety of situations. For example, if you do not currently have a job: “Employment abroad can help bridge periods of unemployment in our contry,” says Marcel Schmutzler from the Central Foreign and Specialized Mediation of Federal Employment Agency . It is also a good opportunity for young people to gain experience during or after their training.
How do you find a job?
For many, the first point of contact is the ZAV. “In addition, there are numerous job exchanges for positions abroad,” says Cordula Walter-Bolhöfer. Foreign companies that are specifically looking for staff have the opportunity to publish their job offers in the job exchange of the Federal Employment Agency . There is also, for example, the EURES portal of the European Employment Services, into which all Europe-wide vacancies from the member countries are included.
What opportunities and difficulties are there?
“Not only the culture of the countries is different, but also the work culture”, says Anastasia Hermann , Head of Research at the job placement agency Stepstone. Even the search for a job abroad often works completely differently than in our contry, the same applies to employment contracts and the work itself. Walter-Bolhöfer therefore thinks it is above all important to have good language skills . That helps not only at work, but also in everyday life in the new environment. And of course expats should be open to people and new experiences.
Which countries are difficult and which are more easy to emigrate?
In the English-speaking countries, the language barriers are low. According to ZAV spokesman Schmutzler, they are correspondingly popular. And: “Within the EU and the European Economic Area, there is the right to freedom of movement, so there are only a few bureaucratic hurdles .” Outside of Europe, things sometimes look different, says Hermann. The more restrictive the immigration policy, the more complicated it is to get a work permit and find a job. The most important thing is to bring knowledge and qualifications that are in great demand in the target country.
How do you prepare for your stay abroad?
The further away the country and the less known the culture, the more intensive the preparation has to be , recommends Walter-Bolhöfer. Ideally, you have already got to know the destination country during a trip and familiarized yourself with its special features. And of course you also have to take care of the paperwork: Visa, start-up capital, work permit, insurance. One should also deal with questions such as: How much taxes and social security contributions will I have to pay? What is the cost of living?